The Regiments:


(Gardner's) Deas' Brigade consisted of the 17th Sharpshooter Battalion,
the 19th, 22nd, 25th, 39th, and 50th Alabama Infantry Regiments.


17th Alabama Infantry Battalion, Sharpshooters:

The 17th Alabama Infantry Battalion, Sharpshooters, was originally organized with two companies by the assignment of detachments from the 19th and 39th Infantry Regiments in June 1862. The unit disappeared from the records in August 1864, with the members possibly returned to their original commands. The unit was involved in the battles at Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, in the Atlanta Campaign, and New Hope Church, and in the siege operations at Chattanooga and Atlanta

19th Alabama Infantry Regiment:

The 19th Alabama Infantry Regiment was organized at Huntsville, 14 August 1861, with men recruited from Blount, Cherokee, Chilton, Coosa, Jefferson, and Pickens counties. It was ordered to Mobile immediately. It remained there about three months, then was at Pensacola for two weeks.

Ordered to Corinth, the 19th was brigaded under Gen'l Gladden of Louisiana, with the 22nd, 25th, and 50th regiments, and after Shiloh, the 17th Battalion, Sharpshooters, and the 39th regiment.

At Shiloh, the 19th lost 110 k and 240 w, of the 650 engaged. Gen'l Frank Gardner soon after succeeded to command the brigade, leading it into Kentucky where it did not find the enemy. The regiment retired with the army to fight at Murfreesboro, losing about 151 k and w, about 1/4 of its strength. There after, Gen'l Deas of Mobile succeeded to the command of the brigade, leading it at Chickamauga where it lost heavily, 192 k and w.

There were few casualties at Missionary Ridge, and the 19th wintered at Dalton. In the almost incessant fighting from there to Atlanta, the regiment lost heavily in casualties, particularly at new Hope and near Marietta. The brigade, under the command of Gen'l Johnston of Perry, the 19th was badly cut up in the battles at Atlanta on 22 and 28 July. Losses were slight at Jonesboro.

At the Battle of Franklin, the 19th lost only a few to battle wounds, but many were captured. It went to North Carolina and was engaged at Kinston and Bentonville, losing heavily in the latter affair. Then consolidated with the 40th and 46th Alabama regiments at Salisbury (with M. L. Woods as colonel and Ezekiel Gully of Sumter as lt. colonel), the 19th surrendered at that place, 76 strong.

22nd Alabama Infantry Regiment:

The 22nd Alabama Infantry Regiment was first organized at Montgomery on 6 October 1861, and was encamped at Mobile during that winter. Men were recruited from Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, and Walker counties. Ordered to west Tennessee, it was brigaded under Gen'l Adley Gladden of Louisiana.

The regiment was engaged at Shiloh, with heavy loss (reported 123 men fit for duty after). Later, Gen'l Frank Gardner was placed over the brigade (19th, 22nd, 25th, 26-50th, and 39th AL regiments) and led it into Kentucky.

It was present at Mumfordsville, and it skirmished at Perryville. It came back with the army and fought at Murfreesboro (94 casualties). Gen'l Zachariah Deas then assumed command of the brigade. The regiment was in the line of battle which moved to assault US Gen'l William Rosecrans at Chickamauga, where it lost 5 color bearers and 175 k and w out of about 400 engaged.

They lost lightly at Missionary Ridge and wintered at Dalton, GA, claiming 272 men and 171 arms. The regiment, under the command of Gen'l George D. Johnston of Perry County, participated in the campaign from Dalton to Atlanta, losing gradually by the constant fighting. At Atlanta, 22 and 28 July, the loss of the regiment was high, as it was at Jonesboro.

It moved into Tennessee with Gen'l John Bell Hood and suffered severely at Franklin, lightly at Nashville. The regiment was transferred beyond the Edisto and moved into North Carolina, skirmishing with the advance of US Gen'l George Thomas' army. The loss at Kinston and Bentonville was light, Col. Harry Toulmin leading the brigade.

The regiment was consolidated with the 25th Infantry in the field in early 1863; it was also consolidated with the 25th, 39th, and 26-50th at Smithfield, 9 April 1865, with H. T. Toulmin as Colonel, N. B. Rouse (Butler) as Lt. Col., and Robert Donald (Limestone) as Major, and then surrendered at Greenesboro, NC, on 26 April 1865.

25th Alabama Infantry Regiment:

The 25th Alabama Infantry Regiment was organized at Mobile in December 1861 by the consolidation of McClellan's 1st and 6th Alabama Infantry Battalions [smaller than the normal regiment's 1,000 men]. The men were from the counties of Calhoun, Coffee, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Saint Clair, Shelby, and Talladega. It remained in that vicinity 2-3 months, then went to TN.

Brigaded under Gen'l Adley Gladden, the regiment (numbering 305 effectives, because of illness) fought at Shiloh (casualties: 15 k, 75w). Placed under Gen'l Gardner, with the 19th, 22nd, 39th, and 26-50th, the 25th Regiment met with trifling loss at Framington.

It moved into KY with Gen'l Braxton Bragg's Army of the Tennessee from the Chattanooga base, but was not engaged in any action. It came back, and participated at Murfreesboro -- Col. Loomis commanding the brigade (casualties: 13k, 88w, 16m, out of about 250 present for duty.

The regiment -- Gen'l Zachariah Deas in command of the brigade -- fell back with the army and was in the forward movement at Chickamauga (casualties: 33% of 330 engaged). Total strength, December 1863: 304 men and 174 arms. It again suffered severely at Missionary Ridge, but wintered and recruited at Dalton, GA.

All along the bloody track of the hostile armies through north GA, the 25th left a record, especially at New Hope. At Atlanta, 22 July, the regiment lost 49% of its force but captured two stands of colors, and more prisoners than it numbered. Six days later, near the same spot, the 25th again lost very heavily. It was engaged at Jonesboro without severe loss, but suffered considerably at Columbia, on Hood's arrival in middle Tennessee.

At Franklin, the regiment again lost largely, and at Nashville, its loss was not light, but it preserved its organization on the retreat. Proceeding to the Carolinas, the 25th was in Sherman's front, with some casualties at Columbia and Kinston, and with large loss at Bentonville. Consolidated with the 19th, 22nd, 39th, and 26-50th, the regiment was shortly after surrendered at Goldsboro, having about 75 men of the old 25th present for duty.

39th Alabama Infantry Regiment:

The 39th AL Infantry Regiment was organized at Opelika in May 1862 with men from Barbour, Henry, Pike, Russell, and Walker counties. It was sent at once to Mississippi. It was brigaded there under Gen'l Frank Gardner with the 19th, 22nd, 25th, and 26th AL Regiments.

It participated in the march into KY, with little fighting, and came back with the army to Murfreesboro. The regiment took part in that battle, and with heavy losses (95), having gained much credit for repulsing an attack of the enemy the day before.

The regiment was with the army when it fell back to the Chattanooga line, and it took part in the battle of Chicamauga with a very heavy loss of men (31% of 310 engaged). At Missionary Ridge, the loss was light, and the 39th, now under Gen'l Deas of Mobile as brigade commander, wintered at Dalton. It reported 337 men and 219 arms in December, 1863.

From there to Atlanta the regiment was conspiruous in all the fighting of the army, suffering severely. They were present in the defense of Atlanta and at Jonesboro where they again lost heavily. They marched with the army into TN and lost a number of prisoners at Nashville.

The regiment then moved to the Carolinas with Gen'l Johnston and took part in operations there, though much reduced in number. It was there consolidated with the 22nd and 26th and 50th AL regiments but was forced to surrender a few days later on the 26th of April 1865. There were fewer than 90 officers and men remaining.

50th Alabama Infantry Regiment:

The 50th Alabama (sometimes the 26th-50th) Infantry Regiment was organized at Corinth, MS, on 3 April 1862, by consolidating the 2nd (Davis'-Chadwick's) and 5th (Golladay's) AL Inf Battalions which were recently recruited. Originally mustered into Confederate service as the 26th (Coltart's) Regiment, its designation was changed to 50th in June, 1863 when it was learned that another 26th Infantry was already serving in Virginia.

The men were raised in the counties of Calhoun, Jackson, Lauderdale, Blount, Limestone, Walker, Fayette, and Tuscaloosa. Ordered to Tennessee, the unit fought at Shiloh, saw light action in KY, and was then placed in Deas', G. D. Johnston's, and Brantley's Brigade, Army of Tennessee. It fought in many conflicts from Murfreesboro to Atlanta, spent the winter with Hood's campaign in Tennessee, and was active in North Carolina.

At Shiloh, the regiment had 440 effectives, but because of casualties, sickness, and exhaustion, the number was fewer than 150 by the 2nd day. It lost 4 k and 76 w at Murfreesboro, 16 k and 81 w at Chickamauga, and totaled 289 men and 180 arms in Dec, 63. The regiment sustained 33 casualties in the Battle of Atlanta and was badly cut up at Franklin. Few survived to surrender in April, 65.

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